Timeline

1600

The Dutch East India Company (VOC) brings back blue painted porcelain from China.

1650

Flourishing faience industry, particularly in Delft. Reasons: * less import of porcelain due to China’s civil war; *demand in the Netherlands remains at an undiminished high; * Delft breweries going out of business leaving buildings vacant which were suitable for potteries.

1653

Founding of the “De Porceleyne Fles” earthenware factory by David Anthonisz van der Pieth.

1695

The height of the faience industry: there are 32 earthenware factories in Delft.

1697-1701

The factory is owned by Johannes Knotter, a merchant from Leiden.

1771-1786

Introduction of the “flesje” [small bottle] in the trademark by owner Jacobus Harlees.

1800

Decline of the earthenware industry due to: *competition from English Wedgwood and the European porcelain industry; * eastern porcelain is cheaper: *lack of innovation amongst Delft potters. Around 1840 the Porceleyne Fles is the last remaining earthenware factory.

1849-1876

Geertruida Piccardt expands production with fireproof bricks, keeping the company afloat.

1876-1884

Delft engineer Joost Thooft becomes the new owner of the Porceleyne Fles. Introduction of the current trademark. His aim is to revive the production of Delft blue.

1878-1930

The years with Leon Senf as a desginer: one of the most important designers in the history of the Porceleyne Fles after his apprenticeship with an important painter: Cornelis Tulk.

1895

Creation of the Building Ceramics department after which the Porceleyne Fles received many important orders for architectural ceramics, including one for the Peace Palace in The Hague.

1900

World exhibition in Paris: the Porceleyne Fles wins the Grand Prix with the coloured ceramic panel gallery which is still on display in the courtyard.

1904

Conversion into a public limited company.

1916

Relocation within Delft from Oosteinde to the Rotterdamseweg.

1919

The predicate ‘Royal’ is awarded as a show of appreciation.

1955

Establishment of the Experimental Earthenware department. Aim: to enable recently graduated ceramics students to experiment with materials from the factory.

1978

The introduction of Black Delft celebrating the 325th anniversary.

2003

The introduction of Jubilee to celebrate the 350th anniversary.

2008

January: takeover of Leerdam Crystal BV by transfer of shares

September: expansion of the group with Royal van Kempen & Begeer BV.

2012

Opening Royal Delft Experience.